|CREAW’s CALL #2 FOR CONCEPT NOTES
CALL REFERENCE: CREAW/WVL/CFC/2/2021
FUNDING TO WOMEN LED ORGANIZATIONS 2021-2023.
WOMEN’S VOICE AND LEADERSHIP – KENYA (WVL) PROJECT
CALL TITLE: STRENGTHENING THE GOVERNANCE, MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAMMING CAPACITIES OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS (WROs) IN KENYA
Please read these guidelines carefully before you submit your Concept Note. CREAW reserves the right to reject Concept Notes that are not fully completed or do not meet the set eligibility criteria.
Grant Application Opening Date: 12th July, 2021
Grant Application Closing Date: 12th August, 2021
The Centre for Rights Education and Awareness (CREAW) is a feminist national nongovernmental organization whose vision is a just society where women and girls enjoy full rights and live in dignity. For more than 20 years CREAW has continued to champion, expand and actualize women’s and girl’s rights and social justice through advocating for shifts in legislation and policies that promote and protect women’s and girl’s rights, as well as building the capacity of women to demand for these rights.
The Kenyan civic space has been thought to be steadily shrinking over the years and a number of factors have contributed to this status quo. These factors include the enactment of policy and legal frameworks that limit the autonomy of non-governmental organizations to effectively operate, the categorization of Kenya as a middle-income country resulting in the reduction and or reprioritization of funding for interventions that protect, promote and champion the rights of women and girls.
The women rights organizations have been the worst affected with this emerging trend in funding. Many development partners who traditionally directly funded women’s rights institutions have opted for an approach that funds components of women rights work within larger programs and within organizations that are not women led and or women rights organizations
With funding from Global Affairs Canada, CARE International, Centre for Rights Education and Awareness (CREAW), Uraia Trust, Community Advocacy and Awareness (CRAWN) Trust, and Urgent Action Fund Africa (UAF Africa) are implementing the Women’s Voice and Leadership (WVL) Project whose goal is to strengthen the institutional capacities and activities of county, regional and national women’s rights organizations seeking to empower women and girls advance the protection of women’s and girls’ rights and achieve gender equality.
The WVL is a five-year project that aims to strengthen institutional capacity and interventions of local/ grassroots women rights organizations seeking to empower women and girls to realize their rights and achieve gender equality. The WVL project defines women’s rights organizations (WROs) as civil society organizations active at the grassroots, county, national, or regional level, with an overt women’s or girls’ rights, gender equality or feminist purpose, and play a central role in spearheading change in support of the empowerment of women and girls, increasing their agency to support vulnerable and marginalized women and girls contributing to gender equality.
2.1 Project outcomes:
The WVL Project aims to achieve the following Intermediate outcomes:
The Call has the following broad immediate outcomes:
In order to achieve the above immediate outcomes, CREAW Second granting call under the WVL programme will provide support through:
It is in this regard that CREAW issues this call for concepts and is inviting grassroots women rights organizations and groups in the target areas to apply for support.
The call will prioritize applications under any or all of the following:
3.1 Eligible Activities
The following are examples of activities that may be considered for funding under each category
I. Projects that support institutional capacity strengthening for example (non-exhaustive list):
II. Projects that support interventions around gender equality outcomes for example (non-exhaustive list):
3.2 Ineligible Activities:
The overall indicative amount made available under this Call is USD 15,000 per grant for an initial grant up to 2 years (with possibility to increase/extend later). Applicants can apply under one or both of the categories provided in the table below however the maximum grant per applicant will remain a total of 15,000 USD. The following is a breakdown of allocations for each Category:
Indicative Total Budget Available
Number of Grants
Indicative Allocation per Grant
Project Duration (years)
|Projects that support institutional capacity strengthening||7,500 USD||August 2021 to July 2023||2|
|Projects that support interventions around gender equality||7,500 USD||August 2021 to July 2023||2|
There are three sets of eligibility criteria, relating to:
5.1 Eligibility of Applicants: who may apply?
The following categories of applicants are eligible to apply for funding under this call:
Please note, even small emerging grassroots women and girl led and gender non- conforming women led WROs with currently little or no access to funding from larger donors are encouraged to apply. Women/girl-led organizations working on women’s rights issues that are made up of and/or working with socially excluded and disadvantaged women and girls who include but are not limited to; refugees, ethnic minorities, rural women, urban disadvantaged, women and girls living with disability, HIV and AIDS, sexual minorities, and sex workers are particularly encouraged to apply.
5.2. Eligible themes / topics
Eligible organizations may submit a Concept Note on any theme as long as it relates to the rights of women and girls and gender non- conforming groups. Funds may be used to implement activities, conduct advocacy, to build the strength of the organization itself, and / or improve the capacity of its staff / volunteers / members.
The planned duration of a project is a maximum of 24 months. The planned duration of the initial project grant is a maximum of 24 months.
5.4 Types of projects
5.5 Number of applications per applicant
An applicant must submit only one Concept Note under this Call.
5.6 GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE
5.7 Eligible Costs; Cost which may be taken into consideration for the grant
Only “eligible costs” can be taken into account for a grant. The categories of costs considered as eligible and non-eligible are indicated below.
5.7.1 Eligible Costs Eligible costs under the Call will include:
5.7.2 Ineligible costs
The following costs are not eligible:
6.0 ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION PROCEDURES
The concept notes will undergo the first level assessment determining whether they meet the eligibility criteria above. Those that do not meet the criteria above will be disqualified at this level.
The Concept notes that pass the first level assessment will be evaluated by a team of evaluators drawn from the partners participating in the WVL project: CARE, CREAW, CRAWN Trust, and Uraia Trust, based on the scoring criteria matrix provided under Annex 1 – Concept Evaluation/Scoring Grid.
Applications will be assessed against the following criteria:
7.1 Application form
6.2 Where and how to send the Applications.
Applicants should verify that their application is complete using the checklist attached to the grant application form. Incomplete applications may be rejected.
For organizations submitting hard copies:
Applications should be submitted in either a sealed envelope by registered mail, private courier service or by hand-delivery (a signed and dated certificate of receipt will be given to the deliverer).
The Project Manager
Centre for Rights Education and Awareness – CREAW
Elgeyo Marakwet Close off Elgeyo Marakwet Road, Hse No. 1 (on the Left), Kilimani.
P.O. Box 35470 – 00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
Google Maps: CREAW Kenya – Headquarters
Applicants must verify that their application is complete using the checklist attached to the grant application form. Incomplete applications may be rejected.
For organizations submitting through the portal or email submissions:
To Apply Click Here: Call-For-Proposals-WVL-Kenya – Application
|Women’s Voice and Leadership (WVL) Project – Call 2 – Brief|
|Women’s Voice and Leadership (WVL) Project – Call 2 (Final)|
|WVLG concepts note Template|
|Budget Development Guidance Notes|
|Budget Guiding Notes Template|
6.3 Deadline for Submission of Applications
The deadline for the submission of applications is 12th August 2021 as evidenced by the date of dispatch, the postmark or the date of the deposit slip. In the case of hand-deliveries, the deadline for receipt is at 17.00 hours (5pm) Kenyan Time as evidenced by the signed and dated receipt. Any application submitted after the deadline will be automatically rejected.
12 August 2021 – 17.00 pm EAT
6.4. Feedback on applications
The successful applicants under this call will be contacted by the CREAW secretariat directly by 12th of October 2021 and advised about the success of their application and next steps. Depending on number of applications received it may not be possible to communicate a decision to all the unsuccessful applicants.
The information on successful applicants will be published on CREAW’s website and all social media and relevant community media platforms. It will also be electronically circulated to CREAW’s networks with the list of successful applicants made available with all annexes at CREAW’s headquarters, satellite and regional offices, at partner institutions and or state offices such as local chiefs in the target areas.
Annex 1: EVALUATION CRITERIA/SCORING MATRIX
|1. Operational capacity||Score|
|1.1 Does the applicant have adequate representation of women (or gender non-conforming people) in the organization’s staff team, leadership or Governance team?||5|
|1.2. Does the applicant have sufficient management capacity? (Including staff, equipment and ability to handle the budget for the action/project?)||10|
|1.3 Is the organization made up of and/or working with socially excluded and disadvantaged women and girls or gender non-conforming individuals who include but are not limited to; refugees, ethnic minorities, rural women, urban disadvantaged, women and girls living with disability, HIV and AIDS, sexual minorities, or sex workers?||5|
|2. Relevance of the action||Score|
|2.1 How relevant is the proposal to the objectives and priorities of the Call for Proposals?||10|
|2.2 Extent of the organization’s focus on women’s and girls’ rights and services, can demonstrate, through its activities and actions, a belief in the full realization of women’s and girls’ or gender non-conforming people’s human rights; a focus on transforming gender inequalities and making systematic changes to sustainably improve women’s and girls’ or gender non-conforming people’s lives, (which may also include by engaging men and boys)||20|
|3. Quality of the project proposal||Score|
|3.1 Are the activities proposed appropriate, practical, inclusive, and consistent with the expected results?||10|
|3.2 Quality and quantity of experience in doing activities, awareness-raising or advocacy on women’s, girl’s or LGBTI issues and rights||5|
|3.3 What is the presence/reach of the Organization in the county it serves.||5|
|3.4 What is the Quality of Concept Note submitted promising approaches to advance gender equality||5|
|3.5 What is the degree of sustainability of the expected results?||5|
|4. Budget and cost-effectiveness of the action||Score|
|4.1 Reasonable costing of budgeted items||5|
|4.2 Past experience managing similar size of grant||5|
|5. Total score and recommendations||Score|
|1 Operational capacity||20|
|2 Relevance of the action||30|
|3 Quality of the project proposal||30|
|4 Budget and cost-effectiveness of the action||20|
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
28 April 2021
#Sitanyamazishwa: Constitutional Petition in the Employment and Labour Relations Court seeking redress for the violation of a former employee’s constitutional rights and sexual harassment
On 28 April 2021, the Centre for Rights Education and Awareness (CREAW) and the Initiative for Strategic Litigation in Africa have filed a petition for redress against RILEY SERVICES LTD to seek amends for violation of her Constitutional rights and sexual harassment.
In February 2018, a woman who was working as a security guard at Riley Security Services was sexually harassed by a senior manager in the building where she was assigned to guard. Riley Security Services was a service provider assigned to the Harambee Sacco Plaza. She reported the incident to the Head of Security in the building who advised her to report to her employer and the police. She reported the matter to the police who kept the matter pending under investigation. She further reported the incident to her employer who did not take any steps to provide amends for the violation she had endured. She was subsequently moved from her workplace, together with all the guards she was supervising, and was assigned administrative duties and her salary was reduced. Despite various pleas for redress, the employer only frustrated her and eventually asked her to leave employment.
A Constitutional Petition has been brought forward in the Employment and Labour Relations Court seeking redress for the violation of her rights. She seeks the horizontal application of her constitutional rights against her employer. Furthermore, the application seeks to expand the applicability of the law on sexual harassment to other persons within the employer’s control, even if not its employees. The petition seeks to ask the court to determine whether the employer and the alleged perpetrator failed to protect and uphold employee’s fundamental rights particularly, the right to equality and freedom from discrimination, right to human dignity, right to fair labour practices, and the right to fair administrative action.
“We believe that this case is not just about the violation of the client’s human rights but about the fiduciary responsibility of organisation’s to ensure the safety of their employees from sexual harassment from their clients”, said Advocate Beatrice Njeri
The Initiative for Strategic Litigation in Africa (ISLA) is acting as advisors to counsel to the Centre for Rights Education and Awareness (CREAW) as part of the women’s economic and social rights programmatic intervention. CREAW is a national feminist women’s rights Non-Governmental Organization whose vision is to contribute to a just society where women and girls enjoy their full rights and live in dignity. Their mission is to champion, expand and actualize women’s and girls’ rights and social justice. In all proceedings, ISLA and CREAW will be represented by Advocate Beatrice Njeri who will be working with an alumnus of ISLA’s Feminist Litigation Network (FLN) Advocate Carolene Kituku. The case will be filed on Wednesday, 28 April 2021 in the Court of Kenya at the Nairobi Milimani Law Courts.
Join the conversation on social media by following:
Hashtag: #Sitanyamazishwa #WhoProtectsUs
For further enquiries kindly contact:
Tel: +254 720 230 206
Email: [email protected]
Counsel for ISLA and CREAW
Tel: +254 71 026 1408
Email: [email protected]
Communications Officer CREAW).
Cell: +254 724 961 386
Email: [email protected]
One week ago, the public were shocked by the disdainful comments made by former Homeboyz Radio Station presenters during a breakfast show aired on 25th of March, 2021. The comments condoned gender-based violence and placed the survivor at fault.
When a woman, or indeed, any other person survives gender-based violence, they expect empathy and justice and not blame, shame and stigma meant to further re-traumatize and stifle their voices into silence. Public broadcasting stations must not be used as a platform to victim shame. We call on Home Boyz and all broadcasting stations to take note of the Constitutional provision that requires the media to be responsible in their coverage of matters that touch on the safety, security and wellbeing of women and girls.
In the wake of the Home Boyz experience, we demand that all media houses adopt gender and zero violence tolerance policies that categorically provide for redress of violations, address gender biases and provide for balanced news reportage and media content.
Homeboyz situation is not an isolated case. In recent times sexism and misogynistic conversations have openly supported, made jokes, or sensationalized violence against women and girls, often diverting public attention from the perpetrators of such acts or not holding them accountable for their actions. Such actions only serve to perpetuate misogyny and discourages many victims from reporting cases of violence out of fear that they might be blamed for the harm meted on them or further victimized.
Any actions that promote or justify sexual violence do not stem sexual harassment and violence nationally. The mass media must play its role in eradicating the silent pandemic. During the corona pandemic, GBV cases have increased by 42 per cent. In this country, 47 per cent of women compared to three per cent men experience some form of Gender Based Violence. This violence also costs Kenya at Ksh 29 billion annually.
While supporting the rapid actions taken by the East African Breweries, Radio Africa Group management and the Communication Authority of Kenya, we urge the mass media industry to take up their critical and powerful role of promoting and protecting human rights.
Further, we call upon the media industry to:
We stand ready to work with media houses in Kenya to boost their responsibility in reporting on human rights violations and sensitize presenters/hosts on gender responsive broadcasting. We note that the issues surrounding the incident are layered and will require numerous actors to address and this, therefore, offers an impetus for accelerated efforts on the same.
This statement has been issued by four human rights organizations namely Coalition on Violence Against Women (COVAW), Amnesty International Kenya, Association of Media Women in Kenya (AMWIK) and the Center for Rights Education and Awareness (CREAW).
COVAW is an organization that focuses on influencing sustained engagement on violations conducted against women and girls in Kenya, with a focus on Gender Based Violence.
Amnesty International Kenya is an organization dedicated to securing human rights all over the world. Amnesty International Kenya works to protect people wherever justice, freedom, truth, and dignity are denied.
AMWIK is a non-profit membership organization for women journalists and communicators in Kenya. AMWIK is committed to enhancing the status of women in Kenya and Africa. AMWIK seeks to use the media to promote an informed and gender responsive society through a professional and transformative media in Kenya and Africa.
CREAW is a duly registered, national feminist women’s rights non-governmental organization whose vision is a just society where women and girls enjoy full rights and live in dignity.
We are deeply appalled by the information going round on social media platforms about sexual assault and the gruesome murder of Velvine Nungari Kinyanjui allegedly by one Anthony Njenga Murimi. Our deepest condolences to Velvine’s family and friends.
As an organization that has committed itself to the promotion of the rights of women and girls, the Center for Rights Education and Awareness (CREAW) notes with concern that while Velvine’s case is not an isolated one; countless number of women and girls across the country have become subjects to gender-motivated killings, sexual violence including rape, female genital mutilations, and sexual harassment in the households, communities, workplaces and by extension public spaces. As many as seven in ten women in various parts of the country report having experienced physical and/or sexual violence at some point in their lifetime, most of them at the hands of intimate partners.
Data from CREAW shows that by the end of 2020, cases of violence against women and girls across Kenya had risen by 64% amidst the pandemic. The statistics that are further affirmed by the National Crime Research Center report 2020 which recorded a 92% increase in cases of GBV between January and June 2020, compared to the same period in 2019. These statistics demonstrates that violence against women and girls continue to go unabated despite the Constitutional provisions that upholds the rights of all Kenyans, women and girls included.
We welcome the actions by the National Police Service (NPS), the Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI) and the Office of the Director of Criminal Investigations (ODPP) in apprehending Velvine’s alleged assailant (Anthony Njenga Murimi), however we demand that speedy investigations be done and the culprit be charged for nothing less than murder for the life of Velvine. The Judiciary should ensure that the case is heard and determined and that the perpetrator is fully made accountable for the heinous act. We shall remain vigilant until justice is done for Velvine, one life lost is one too many other lives lost in our communities. She was loved, she was cared for. We are missing a life, a sister, a daughter, a friend, stolen from our hearts and our minds. Femicide is unacceptable!
In all, CREAW stands in solidarity with all survivors and victims of femicide and other forms of GBV and call on the government to break their silence on the “shadow pandemic” and honour their obligation as outlined in the Constitution of Kenya 2010 to end violence against women and girls.
We are also cognisant that, survivors voices continue to be stifled by the patriarchal notions and societal stigma; a matter that has left many survivors wallowing in pain and hopelessness. We are calling on individuals and communities to rise beyond the gender biases, play their part and take action to liberate women and girls from all forms of violence.
About the Center for Rights Education and Awareness
Founded in 1999, the Center for Rights Education and Awareness (CREAW) is a national feminist organization driving change for equal societies in Kenya. We place women and girls at the center of our actions to end inequality and realize social justice. We question political, social, economic, legal, cultural and religious structures that silences the voices and agency of women and girls in Kenya.
CREAW envisions a just society where women and girls enjoy full rights and live in dignity. We believe in the equality of rights, with empowerment and justice made available for every woman and girl. We stand for, ensuring women and girls have Power, Voice and Agency. For more information on CREAW, please visit: www.creawkenya.org
For more information please contact [email protected] or call 0720-357-664.
The last time *Sarah (not her real name) had a domestic scuffle with the husband; he nearly took life out of her.
“He came home drunk in the wee hours of the night, beat me up and stabbed me with a knife,” recalls Sarah as she chokes back tears. It was then that she made a decision to leave her matrimonial home.
Sarah recounts that it was not the first time that she had been abused by the husband; on several occasions, she was subjected to a slap, a punch, a kick… and to tap it all intimidation and coercion that only become worse during the Covid-19 pandemic.
“Our first born daughter couldn’t take the abuse, she ran away from home. It got to a point where my husband wanted to rape her,” says the 55-year-old mother of four.
Before the pandemic, Sarah was a laundry woman, she would move from house to house doing laundry and other domestic chores, when the pandemic struck, no one was willing to employ her even for other menial jobs. She says, the Covid-19 pandemic is one of the worst moments in her life.
Sarah is however not alone, her experiences mirror that of many women and girls across Kenya whose lives have been affected by the wave of intimate partner violence during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Like Sarah, *Pendo (not her real name) was gang raped on her way home from the market. She had crossed over to Mombasa mainland from Likoni where she usually hawks cassava and coconut to make ends meet. The event of that fateful night left her with a life threatening hemorrhage.
In April, the government and women rights organizations, CREAW among them issued an alert of the increasing cases of gender based violence meted on women and girls. The recent study by the National Crime Research Center indicated a 92 percent increase in cases of GBV in the period of January and June 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The nature of cases reported include, rape, assault, murder, sexual offences, defilement, child marriage, psychosocial torture and child neglect.
In the wake of this, CREAW with the support from Oxfam in Kenya adapted its intervention in Nairobi and Mombasa to provide support services to survivors of gender based violence like Sarah and Pendo. Mainly, the intervention targeted women and girls from informal settlements with cash reliefs to aid them in meeting basic necessities such as food, water, rent and healthcare for them and their families.
“The first thing I did when I received the cash from CREAW is to pay rent and the rest of the monies I bought food, mask and sanitizer,” says Sarah who has also received a resilient fund from CREAW to establish a business that would sustain her and her four children.
Currently Sarah and Pendo also receiving continuous psychosocial support services to enable them heal and build resilience during the pandemic and thereafter.
We, the undersigned Women, Women Associations, Women Rights organizations and Gender Equality Advocates in Kenya, being representatives of women in all their diversity including grass root and rural women, women in the informal settlements, women in Business, Women in Professional Bodies and in all Associations and organizations have taken note of the Action taken by the RT. Hon. Chief Justice , David Maraga issued Monday, 21st September 2020 to His Excellency, the President Uhuru Kenyatta in respect to the dissolution of Parliament for its failure to enact legislation to implementation of the two thirds gender rule as provided for in Article 10 (2), Article 27(6) ; Article 81(b) and Article 100 of the Constitution of Kenya 2010.
The women of Kenya stand in solidarity with the action taken by the Rt. Hon. Chief Justice on dissolution of parliament. The action by Rt. Hon. Chief Justice is timely and takes cognizance of the challenges that women have faced and continue to face in our quest for inclusivity and equality.
We further note that it is the responsibility of each one of us to remain accountable to our Constitution and the Rule of Law.
We further affirm that the drafters of our Constitution were alive to the patriarchal challenges and difficulties in promoting women’s political leadership and representation in our country.
We note the Rt. Hon. Chief Justice’s decision has taken cognizance of the numerous attempts by Parliament to provide a mechanism for actualizing the gender provision anchored in the Constitution. On all these occasions, Parliament has failed to reach a decision and demonstrated a lack of good will and respect for the rule of law.
We note that by advising, H.E. the President to dissolve the 11th Parliament, Rt. Hon. Chief Justice has acted within the bounds set out in the law, and as espoused in Article 261(7) and in furtherance of our democracy and the rule of law.
The women of Kenya are in full support of the Rt. Hon. Chief Justice’s insistence that the Country must hold everyone accountable for their actions or lack thereof. This is as it should be.
We further highlight the four (4) Court Orders that have been issued directing Parliament to implement the two thirds gender rule within clearly specified time lines. We acknowledge the efforts and attempts that both houses of Parliament have taken on the matter. However, we note that these attempts have not resulted to any outcome as envisaged in the Constitution.
We regret the push-back and voices from Parliament that are misleading Kenyans with the false narrative that the ‘two thirds gender rule: Is not part of the mandate of Parliament; that there is no mechanism to implement this provision; and that it is too costly to implement the two third gender rule.
We note that all these narratives are misleading and point to the challenges that we have encountered and have had to endure with parliament in our attempts to push for enactment of a mechanism for the implementation of the two thirds gender rule.
While women welcome the attempts in Parliament to implement Article 100, we wish to point out that this does not in any way provide for the implementation of the two thirds gender rule as it only deals with limits its focus to the existing seats in Parliament.
We reiterate that the spirit of our Constitution envisages an inclusive Kenya in which all citizens including women, youth, persons with disabilities and other marginalized categories have equal opportunity to socially, economically and politically participate fully in the affairs of our country.
We note that the crisis the country finds itself, unlike the COVID-19 pandemic, is self-afflicted and hence its solution is within our reach.
We further reiterate that Implementing the Constitution of Kenya 2010 in its entirety including the two thirds gender rule is a matter of great interest to all Kenyans. Unfortunately, this crisis did not happen yesterday and has been with us for the last ten years.
We emphasize that the time has come for Kenya to entrench constitutionalism and the rule of law. The hall mark of a democracy is its adherence and fidelity to the Rule of Law and Separation of powers between the various arms of government.
We note that the Two Thirds Gender Rule is not about giving seats to women but it is about creating an inclusive and sustainable society in furtherance to its commitment to the SDGs, the Agenda 2063 and the Vision 2030.
We note that while Kenya has made some great advancements in promoting women’s empowerment and gender equality, the country is lagging behind other countries including Rwanda, South Africa, Namibia and Senegal among others who have embraced gender quotas. Kenya is a leader in many respects except in this area of women’s representation.
We stand on the various promises that His Excellency, the President has made to the women of Kenya including his commitment to ensure that Kenyan women enjoy full political, social and economic rights. Mr. President, the Judiciary and parliament have done their part. The ball is now squarely in your court.
We are confident that H.E, the President will assert himself on this matter and provide leadership that will move this Country forward and entrench Constitutionalism.
Finally, we note that all women and men are equal and it’s the obligation of the leadership to ensure that its citizens enjoy all the rights as guaranteed in the Constitution.
his appeal raises novel questions of law on whether vicarious liability can be attributed to the appellant, the Teachers Service Commission (TSC) who at the material time had employed Astorikoh Henry Amkoah, (3rd respondent hereinafter referred to as “teacher”) for alleged acts of sexual abuse against the students hereinafter referred to as “WJ” and “LN”).