January 14, 2022by CREAW

This year as the world marks the 30th anniversary of 16 Days of Activism against Gender Based Violence (GBV), many women and girls are still grappling with the vice, with one in three women globally still experiencing violence.

Prior to the pandemic, violence was already a daily reality for many women and girls in Kenya with at least 41 percent reporting to have experienced either sexual or physical violence among other forms of GBV.

During the pandemic however, we have seen aggravated levels of violence against women and girls compounded by the preexisting gender inequalities.

Government data shows that GBV cases increased by 92 percent in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Majority of these cases were perpetrated by intimate partners, close family members and persons known to survivors. It is a sequence that continues to go unabated.

It is a concern that Leticia Achieng, a survivor of intimate partner violence believes we must change to create safe households and communities for women to enjoy dignified lives.

In the Kibera settlements where she resides, it is not uncommon to hear screams of women being battered at night, or reports of incidences of women being killed by their spouses and some sustaining serious injuries that maim their lives forever.

“Taking lessons from my experiences, I believe communities must start by changing their mindsets and deal with the systemic inequalities that silences women and girls and enables perpetrators to thrive,” she says.

Across communities, a growing evidence show that gendered norms and power imbalances drives violence against women and girls. Evidently, men hold the preponderance of power in families, communities, work places, institutions and politics. The reality of this power imbalances, means that men are the main perpetrators of violence against women and girls, as well as boys and other men. To shift the narrative, Achieng believes it starts from home.

As a mother of two teenage boys, she says she has been intentional on how she nurtures and brings up her boys from when they were young. She notes that parenting young boys to grow up to men who respect women starts from home.

“I believe, good naturing starts from home and thus education must start when they are young, then they will assimilate the attitudes and actions as they grow up,” says Achieng.

“Bullying has become so rife in schools and parents don’t talk about it. When a child pushes, punches or smacks another, we hail them and excuse their violent behaviours,” she adds, noting that with good role modelling, we can change the path for our children and communities when it comes to addressing violence against women and girls.

Growing up, Achieng says she never saw her father treat her mother with respect. He was abusive to everyone in every way. I grew up knowing women should be submissive to men. The repeated forms of violence I faced made me realize that there is more to life other than being silenced by violence.

“Oftenly we caution women to dress ‘decently’ not to give the wrong impression, reason being, we are protecting them! I believe we must do better. It takes us all to teach our boys about consent and equal treatment of women in all spectrum,” she says.

In Kibera where Achieng lives, CREAW has been engaging communities in conversations to shift the narratives of male violence towards women and girls, issues of rape, defilement, femicide and other forms of intimate partner violence has been more prevalent during the pandemic. Achieng has been attending these community dialogues that she says has empowered her to challenge actions and attitudes that drives violence against women and girls in her community.

In the global arena and even here in Kenya, the wave of #MeToo and #TimesUp movements have amplified the voices of survivors to speak out on abuses and more so the everyday sexism that women and girls contend with at home, in the streets and just everywhere. With such widespread on violence against women, communities must be assertive enough and devise solutions to bring up men who respects and protect women and girls.

“I am raising my boys to respect women and girls but I know, it is not just the responsibilities of mothers but all in the community. I am raising my sons to use their power positively and the importance of equality,” says Achieng.

To address the various forms of violence against women and girls, CREAW continues to initiate and adapt interventions across communities. We are educating women and girls like Achieng to rise up and use their voices to claim their rights and demand for accountability from communities and authorities to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls.



January 26, 2021by CREAW

In the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic, government enforced social distancing restrictions among them the stay at home order in a bid to suppress transmission of the Coronavirus and keep people healthy, but for many women and girls home became a ‘danger zone’ as they were forced to be in the ‘lockdown’ with their abusive spouses, partners and family members and cut off from supportive network and resources that could help them.

The ordeal of one evening morning in early July, brings gloomy memories to 38 year old *Nafula (not her real name). Her husband of three years had turned against her; what started as verbal insults progressed real quick into physical leaving her bruised.

“It was not the first time that he was abusive to me. At one point he hired goons to beat me up,” recounts Nafula.

Nafula’s own abusive experiences form part of the statistics of countless women and girls whose lives have been affected by the wave of gender based violence during the pandemic. In December 2020, a report by the National Crime Research Center indicated that incidences of gender based violence had increased by 92 percent in the period of January and June compared to that of January and December in 2019, with murder, sexual offences, defilement, grievous harm, physical abuse, child neglect and child marriages taking the larger chunk of cases.

Similarly, the Center for Rights Education and Awareness (CREAW) has received increased cases of women and girls reporting violations. On average, CREAW would received 20 cases in a month, with the Covid-19 pandemic, the numbers have spiked to 34 cases necessitated by the social and economic effects of COVID-19 on women and girls. Consequently, the demand for legal and counselling support was on the rise.

Amidst the surge, CREAW rolled out a 24 hour hotline-0800-720-186 to help survivors like Nafula to access support services virtually including legal information, counselling, access to safe shelters and referrals to other GBV services.

With the support from grassroots community champions and messaging on community radios and social media, CREAW has been able to publicise the hotline that now have over flow of cases reported even from the counties in the outskirts of Nairobi.

“Through the hotline, survivors are able to get timely legal aid services, information and psycho-social support to rebuild their lives,” says Nereah Oderah, the lead Counsellor who supports survivors through the helpline.

With the support from UNDP, CREAW has adapted its interventions to provide free tele-counselling and pro-bono legal services to survivors of gender based violence among them, women and girls who reside in the informal settlements of Nairobi. A total of 597 GBV survivors benefitted from pro-bono legal assistance & advice during the pandemic period.




February 4, 2020by CREAW

By Christine Ogutu

Thursday afternoon, the weather is chilly and the usually busy Githongo pitch has no sight of any young ones kicking around the ball in the pitch or athletes working out as in the usual. In the surroundings, the densely constructed shelters are slowly shifting the small rural town of Githongo to an urbanized community center.

Utawala Chiefs Group at the Githongo Chief Camp. PHOTO/CREAW

Looking on to the vast field in the left corner is the Githongo Chiefs Offices. Outside, a group of women and men are seen chit chatting. Their starched and well-pressed brown khaki uniform brings their steadfastness to the fore; their threaded shoulders mark them out as protectors and defenders of the larger community as their call of duty bestows them.

The uniformed women and men are Chiefs from Imenti Central, Meru County who came together to establish the 14 members Utawala Chiefs Group with an aim to better provide coordinated response to GBV matters in their localities. Today, they are having their usual biweekly meetings to discuss the emerging issues in the community.

At the location level in Kenya’s administrative system, Chiefs are charged with mandate to maintain order within their jurisdiction. For the Utawala group, the work in the community goes over and above their call of duty. They derive passion from a violence free society where women and girls live in dignity, are better protected and able to move freely and thrive and thus their continued conversations and coordinated response to the ills that bedevils their community.


For more than two years now, they have been working together, raising their voices and driving conversations through Chiefs’ Barazas to educate their communities on the ills of GBV and the channels of reporting.

“I was privileged to be part of the Chiefs’ training that taught them on how to handle and support survivors when they report violations,” says Faith Kagwiria, a Chief at Kathurune West Location and also a member of the Utawala Chiefs.

As the first respondent when an incident occurs, it is paramount that Chiefs like Faith are well vast with the roles and responsibilities they play in regards to the various matters reported thus, CREAW through the Haki Yetu Jukumu Letu initiative came in handy to build their capacity to enable them to effectively support survivors and respond to the needs of the locals.

The initiative now in its third year of implementation and supported by the Embassy of Netherlands in Kenya equips Chiefs among other duty bearers with the knowledge on GBV related laws, how to document and report matters as well as how to set up community structures that promotes safe spaces in the community.

“Not a day goes, without widows flocking my office puzzled, confused and bewildered when their in-laws take away their matrimonial lands,” narrates Phyllis Mungatia who is the Chairperson of the Utawala Chiefs.

She says the inequalities when it comes to access and control of matrimonial land particularly in the agricultural rich region of Meru disenfranchises women.

It is such that draws the Utawala group to work with a unity of purpose. Their work in the community is slowly gaining momentum with the continued conversations, the community is slowly opening up and speaking out on matters such as incest that were shelved at family level.

“Apart from the weekly chief barazas, we also conduct targeted dialogues with men, women and in schools,” explains Stella Kinoti.


She goes on to say that they have also consistently taught the village elders and area managers on how to tackle GBV noting that it takes both individual and community actions to create a ideal community for all. The Nyumba Kumi clusters have also come in handy to map out cases like female genital mutilation and child neglect.

But as Lucy Magiri puts it, their success has not been without the challenges. Sometimes they are forced to flee their homes or handle cases under cover for fear of their lives. Nonetheless, together, they affirm that their actions are just a starting point to lasting change in the community. They are positive that with their collective efforts, their neighbourhoods will violence free.
















May 15, 2019by CREAW0

Terms of Reference.
To develop Training Manual for GBV Service Providers aligning with international standards (Essential service package and National SOP on GBV).
Centre for Rights Education and Awareness (CREAW) is a national feminist women’s right Non-Governmental Organization (NGO). Our focus has consistently set women and girl’s rights at the centre of everything we do. CREAW uses bold, innovative and holistic interventions for the realization of women and girl’s rights. Our programs have over the years focused on challenging practices that undermine equity, equality, and constitutionalism; promoting women’s participation in decision making; and deepening the ideology and philosophy of women’s empowerment. We also support movement building to advance the agenda for social transformation, besides preventing, mitigating and responding to Violence against Women and Girls (VAWG).
Under the 3 years United Nation Trust Fund (UNTF) Wajibika Project, CREAW aims to ensure that women and girls in Nairobi, Narok and Isiolo counties are better protected against Gender Based Violence through effective implementation of national legislation, policies, national action plans and accountability structures to prevent and end violence against women and girls VAW/G. This will be realized through improved capacity and coordination of service providers across sectors to fighting VAW/G, women and girls enjoy their rights in a safe community free from VAWG and effective implementation of the gender related laws and policies on VAW/G at National and County levels.
Purpose of the Consultancy
CREAW has previous content that they have been using to train the service providers to be gender responsive and GBV survivor centric in their action. However, this is not structured and was mostly based on identified needs that resulted from the service providers in their line of duty.
To ensure comprehensive trainings which focus on the specific programmatic areas and which are tailor-made to the context in which the service providers operate, CREAW intends to develop a training manual for service providers to efficiently and responsively handle cases of gender violence against women and girls, while taking cognizance of available resources and leveraging on the learning and addressing gaps from other resources that have been developed by various agencies working in ending VAWGs.
The consultancy should be able to review the existing service and ethical guidelines, SOPs and GBV referral protocols and other related documents and models aligned with international standards in developing a training manual to enhance capacity of service providers in promoting survivor centric approach.
The Training Manual to be developed shall include modules on the following areas;

  • Introductory: Preparatory requirements for the trainings, training approaches/methodology in carrying out the training.
  • Gender and Child protection Legal framework: Highlighting the existing legal and policy frameworks in place on ending gender based violence against women and girls in Kenya.
  • Police: The module will target the police officers in charge of gender desks at police stations and local administration officers on improving efficiency and becoming more gender sensitive in handling GBV cases in line with the New Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for Prevention and Response to Sexual Violence in Kenya. 
  • Health: Sensitize the health care providers under the Ministry of Health through the County Government to implement the National Guidelines on Management of Sexual Violence in Kenya and improve documentation, treatment, management and referrals of women and girls who are survivors of gender based violence at the health facilities. 
  • Education: This module will target the teachers and the school administrators with knowledge and skills on child protection in the schooling, positive approaches to discipline, reporting and referral mechanisms. The training content should be in line with the protective provisions under the Education Act, Teacher Service Commission Act, and Teacher service commission code of conduct, Teacher Service Commission Circulars and other related models that address sexual abuse of girls in schools.
  • Judiciary: This module will seek to sensitize and train the judicial officers including prosecutors who are responsible for prosecuting cases of violence against women and girls. This will involve training on laws and procedure necessary for prosecuting successful cases, drafting of charges and strategies for prosecution as outlined in the Sexual Offences Act, PADV Act 2015 etc. 

Scope of work
The consultant is expected to undertake the following tasks:

  • Reviewing existing SOPs, Ethical Guideline and GBV referral Protocols and other related documents and mechanisms from survivor centric approach in line with the international commitment/standards
  • Familiarize with existing mechanism for capacity building to address GBV at National and County level.
  • Conduct desk-based research on gender responsive survivor centred service providers standard operating procedures, based on global and regional
  • Adapt/develop service providers’ manual integrating SOPs in the training manual with relevant reference materials.
  • Develop and adapt training materials for service providers.
  • Simplify the training modules into pocket-size booklets suitable for training and distributing to the various cohorts.
  • Pre-test and conduct validation workshop with heads of departments of the various service providers and relevant stakeholders.
  • Submit completion report with other developed documents

Required Skills and Experience of individual
The capacity development experts/trainer will be required who has qualification and experience as follows:

  • Advanced university degree in sociology, gender social work or other social sciences, public/community health, or related field with minimum of 5 years of relevant professional experience
  • Demonstrated experience in the development of designing training, developing manual and solid understanding of adult learning principals.
  • Prior training in gender and GBV issues and their application in development settings.
  • Experience in designing, facilitating participatory training and workshop for diverse groups
  • Familiarity with international standards, policies and tools related to GBV including GBV Guidelines, protocols.
  • Knowledge and experience of essential service package and other case handling approaches from GBV survivor centric approach.
  • Excellent interpersonal, problem-solving and team skills, and the ability to work with a range of stakeholders to effectively negotiate and build consensus to achieve constructive outputs
  • Fully proficient in the following software applications: Word, Excel, and Power point.
  • Experience working with the Government system would be an asset.
  • Experience in GBV /violence against women & children training and developing gender responsive and survivor centred training manual, materials would be an asset.

Proposed Time 
The total estimated days for consultancy service is 20 days.
Mode of Application
 Applicants should submit Technical and Financial proposals electronically in PDF format with subject line clearly marked “Consultancy for Manual Development” on or before 18th June 2019 via email to [email protected]
All applicants should include the following:

  • Cover letter
  • Technical proposal: The technical proposal should include;
  1. Brief explanation about the lead and associate consultants with particular emphasis on previous experience in this kind of work
  2. Understanding of TOR and the task to be accomplished
  3. proposed methodology
  4. draft work/implementation plan
  • Copies of reports of previous work conducted.
  • A written submission on understanding of TOR, methodology / approach the consultant will use; time and time-bound activity schedule, financial issues.
  • Organizational (if it is a company applying) or personal capacity statement (if it is an individual)
  • Resume and references.

November 20, 2016by CREAW0

Delegation from Finland joins Kibera women and children in painting a mural depicting the support provided to survivors of Gender Based Violence.
View More

Embassy of Finland in Nairobi – Suomen suurlähetystö Nairobi Ambassador Tarja Fernández receives a painting from a survivor of Gender Based Violence at Kibera.

Finland Minister for Development, Mr. Kai Mykkänen painting a mural in Olympic Primary School Kibera against Gender Based Violence. — at Kibera.

Finland Minister for Development, Mr. Kai Mykkänen receives a painting from Kibera Assistant County Commissioner Said Mwamzungu — at Kibera.


December 20, 2013by CREAW0

Overall Objective: To increase access to justice and legal education for all women in Kenya
Access to Justice is a two-pronged programme aiming to enhance women’s rights through accessing them justice at both group and individual levels.
1. Public Interest Litigation (PIL). This aims to prompt judicial pronouncements to clarify or declare women’s right on certain strategic issues affecting women as a group or a group of women. PIL is also effective in reviewing administrative or state actions or omissions. It is an effective tool for expanding and promoting women’s rights in the respective area, and it’s also a strategic advocacy and public awareness tool especially when accompanied with media coverage and commentary. CREAW plans to strengthen its public litigation capacity in order to make it the predominant elemnt of this programme.
2. Legal Aid. We are also working to provide direct legal representation, advice and referrals to poor women who are survivors of sexual and gender-based violence.
The projects under Access to Justice are:
CREAW GBV Response
CREAW’s project goal in the GBV project is to contribute to the reduction of instances of GBV in Kibera, Kamukunji, Makadara and Dagoretti districts through community sensitization and provision of legal aid. To achieve this goal, CREAW works with community structures such as paralegals to train already established community groups in the target areas on GBV and the SOA (2006). Groups trained will be expected to disseminate the information to other community members, which will contribute to behavior and attitude change in the long run. Through this grant, CREAW will work in Kibera to train more organized groups like youth groups, community health workers, religious leaders and self-help groups. The main activities will entail sensitization on gender based violence (GBV) and SOA (2006) to the targeted groups. CREAW will also mark important calendar events such as the Day of the African Child with the aim of raising awareness of the community on GBV, children’s rights and HIV. In addition, CREAW will offer legal aid to survivors of violence and legal advice to the community in relation to GBV issues.
CREAW’s major expected achievements out of this project will include raised levels of awareness among organized community groups and increased access to justice and other GBV support services by survivors. It is anticipated that project activities will lead to increased reporting of GBV cases and increased respect for women and girls as equal human beings as men and boys.